Through this five semester academic program, a graduate student can prepare for a career in social work as well as receive interdisciplinary training in disaster resilience and global humanitarian leadership. The competencies achieved upon completion of the dual degree allow the student to fill a professional role in the planning, management, and delivery of human services within communities vulnerable to natural and manmade disasters.
The joint degree's focus is on the development of robust leadership capacity to facilitate effective resilient programs, and creative empowerment-centered social work education promoting the integration of person and community approaches. It is the first academic program of its kind with such a dynamic and innovative purpose.
The five semester curriculum requires completion of 77 credit hours: 53 credit hours in social work and 24 hours in disaster resilience leadership studies. Students take courses primarily in social work during the first academic year, with enrollment in disaster resilience leadership courses increasing over the course of the remaining four semesters. The post transformation of social work in South Africa. Pretoria: Government Printer.
Recreating family: parents identify worker-client relationships as paramount in family preservation programs. Income poverty, unemployment and social grants. Los Angeles: Sage Publications. Pretoria: Department of Social Development. Family treatment: evidence-based practice with populations at risk 4 th ed. Working with sexual abuse: a systemic perspective on whether children need to tell their therapist details of the abuse for healing to take place.
Journal of Family Therapy, The clock starts now: feminism, mothering and attachment theory in child protection practice.
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London: Wiley Blackwell. Integration of community development and statutory social work services within the developmental approach. LAW, M. Factors affecting family-centred service delivery for children with disabilities. Collaborative helping: a practice framework for family-centered services. Family Process, 48 1 Social workers perceptions on family preservation programs. Designing qualitative research 5 th ed.
Social workers' experiences on the transformation of social welfare from remedial approach to developmental approach.
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Supporting familial and community care for children: legislative reform and implementation challenges in South Africa. Social welfare and social development in South Africa. Cape Town: Oxford University Press. Administration in Social Work, Working with sexually abused children. The American Journal of Family Therapy, The policy based profession: an introduction to social welfare policy analysis for social workers 4 th ed. Inanda family preservation project, Inanda, Durban.
Mission Report. Risky families: family social environments and the mental and physical health of offspring. Research methods in social work 5th ed. Essential research methods for social work 2 nd ed. Assessing risk throughout the life of a child welfare case. New York: Oxford Scholarship. Introduction: power in the people.
Boston: Pearson, Two of the study areas had an overall reputation in social services of being innovative and oriented towards development, which interviewees from these areas mentioned as something positive. But this work is not only about financial resources and how many social workers there are… You also need a conscious strategy of how to work methodically. The content is of major importance. Differing views concerning labour market participation among men and women and perceptions of illness and health were reflected.
The interviewees in these areas expressed extra pressure to give information about the social welfare system and rules regulating social assistance. Many clients were also newly arrived in Sweden and had limited knowledge of the Swedish language and welfare system. Social assistance work was described as a less attractive field in the social work arena. Interviewees who were relatively new in their profession pointed out that they were not going to work with social assistance for long.
Social workers explained that in their work they faced structural problems such as lack of jobs for clients with reduced working capacity because of ill-health, and for clients with a short educational or an immigrant background, especially with limited knowledge of the Swedish language. It was a complicated task to try to find solutions for groups and individuals, when the opportunities and possibilities were limited by the societal context, and when the goals and expectations among different actors differed.
Their possibilities as social workers to solve these kinds of problems were limited. Social workers both supported and made demands on their clients to do specific tasks. How they managed to handle this dual role, and to treat clients as individuals, influenced the trust between social workers and clients, which was described as essential in work with long-term clients in particular. In interview accounts we found the dual roles of social workers as a recurrent concern: on the one hand social workers demanded and expected clients to do certain things and on the other hand had to act as support, help and guide for them.
The demands made by social services included the requirement that clients actively seek jobs and participate in training and other activities to which they were referred. Suspicion and control are the tough parts, but we have to find a balance there. How social workers shared their time between exercising authority and supporting clients varied. A focus on assessment and administration related to monthly payments was an essential part of the work and in many situations, especially when the caseload was heavy, this dominated the helping and supporting part of the work.
Some, who were new in their profession, on the contrary, reported that they had to follow and act according to the rules and regulations, sometimes against their own convictions. The need for negotiation between clients and social workers was obvious, especially when the goals differed between the two. Many cases were described where the clients did not see the activities as meaningful. They had power in relation to the clients, which several social workers suggested should be more reflected in their working organisations:.
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You make decisions…you have access to allocating money. We have to be aware of this role…and understand what power we have over people…to be humble in interaction with the clients. Some clients were perceived to demand their rights, but did not recognise their own obligations. During recent years, with economic constraints, the control and demand on clients had become more central in social assistance.
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One interviewee explained:. One cannot just receive money because they do not have any…it is not that simple. It has always been so, but it was much easier before. Now there is more control. Expectations from social services towards clients were discussed as something positive in the long run for the clients. The provision of money alone was not seen as a long-lasting solution.
You have to bring out the strength of the individual…I believe that if you make demands on people, they usually also find solutions to their situation. Clients were described as a heterogeneous group of people with differing needs and obstacles. The attitudes of social workers towards different clients and client groups influenced the way they described their interaction with their clients and also partly formed the expectations they had of them.
Involvement of clients in the planning of their own cases was discussed as something that should be developed. And this should be discussed and revised during every visit. The social workers perceived that it was important for clients to be treated as an individual.
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With a high caseload, however, there was little time to meet clients and get to know them as individuals, and they were referred routinely to certain activities. During the economic recession of the s, the average social worker caseload was described as high, especially in some of the study areas. One interviewee compared her work during and after recession:. But now when I have 50 … now I see that I could not have done a good job … it became of course emergency-driven. Interviewees had different attitudes to certain client groups, with more sympathy for some than others.
In most areas, social workers had the opportunity in their working teams to reflect on their reactions to different clients and how to handle these feelings. In general, it was perceived as easier for a single person than for families with children to live on social assistance. Overall, interviewees felt strongly for children, and many discussed the negative effects for children of living long term on social assistance, like poor self-esteem and feeling as a burden to their parents.
Interviewees reflected on how it was for children to live in families with low income for a long time. You perhaps never get new skates, but used ones. Children I think are quite aware of these kinds of things…My children can also get used ones, but they know that we can afford to buy new ones if we want to. We have made a choice how to use our money.
They have no possibility to choose. Young adults, with difficulties to enter the labour market, were identified as the most important group to prioritise and work with. They were also prioritised; the aim was to handle them quickly in order to prevent passivity. In several interviews, young adults were compared favourably to older persons with addiction problems, who were seen as less deserving. Interviewees also described frustration, when they talked about people who tried to cheat or applied for social assistance when not entitled to it.
Many clients received social assistance for a long period of time.